Tag Archives: linux

Sudo on Debian

Sudo Not Installed?

The fix – getting sudo to work – is at the bottom.

When you use Debian for the first time, you may have quickly run into this:


bash: sudo: command not found

This happens if, during the setup process, you provide a root password.  The Debian installation will install sudo if you do not specify the password.


Notice, in the last paragraph of the above dialog:

If you leave this empty, the root account will be disabled and the system’s initial user account will be given the power to become root using the “sudo” command.

And, here is a relevant portion from the installation guide for Debian 8 Jessie:

By default you are asked to provide a password for the “root” (administrator) account and information necessary to create one regular user account. If you do not specify a password for the “root” user this account will be disabled but the sudo package will be installed later to enable administrative tasks to be carried out on the new system.

So, if you do specify the password for the root user account, the sudo package will not be installed.

Using sudo

To add sudo, all you need to do is:

1. Open a terminal and change to root
2. Install sudo

apt install sudo

3. Add user to sudo group

usermod -a -G sudo matthew

4. Have the user log out and back in.

That’s it!

Ubuntu – Automatically Connect to VPN on Boot (Without Keyring Prompt)

This post assumes that you have set up a VPN connection on Ubuntu already that you are able to use, and will show you how to make that connection start on boot.

First, the easy step; tell your existing connection to automatically connect to the VPN:

  1. Open up “Network Connections”
  2. Highlight your default network connection
  3. Click edit
  4. Choose the “General” tab
  5. Check the box “Automatically connect to VPN when using this connection” and choose your VPN connection
  6. Save


Stop the Keyring Prompt

At this point, if you restart your machine, you’ll be prompted to enter your keyring:


To make this go away on boot, navigate to /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections and look for a file named after your VPN connection.  For me, it was “pia-toronto(openvpn)”.  In this file, make two changes:

  1. Under the “[vpn]” section, remove the “password-flags=1” line.
  2. Add a new section, “[vpn-secrets]” to the file with your VPN account password underneath it:

And now you should be good to go.